The shamanistic Oroqen ethnic minority group is one of the smallest, as well as the most ancient ethnic groups in China. The name Oroqen means "people on the mountain range." They used to be mainly situated deep in the Great Xing'An Mountains and lived by hunting. However, in 1953, the Oroqen people were requested by the government to relocate off the mountains and stop their nomadic life; in the 80s, most of them even had to give up hunting because of the strict gun control legislations.

Now the population of the Oroqen people in China is about 10,000, in which only 12 people still retain the right to use guns and hunt temporarily in the winter. They all live in the New Oroqen Nationality Township of Heihe City in Heilongjiang Province, which is located to the north of Lesser Xing'an Mountains and is one of Oroqen settlements. Among these twelve people, the youngest person is already almost 40-year-old.

Han is the major ethnic group in China. Since it is illegal for Han people to hunt, some Han hunters found a "grey area" to do it by going hunting together with those 12 Oroqens who are allowed to hunt in the winter. Ge Chunyong, one of the twelve, is outraged and frustrated with the Han hunters because they don't obey the Oroqen hunting rules, which is "do not hunt the pregnant, and do not hunt the young." The number of animals in the mountain forest is sharply decreasing because of such overhunting activities; meanwhile the Chinese government is implementing stricter gun control. The Oroqens are unsure of their abilities to preserve the last trace of their tradition in the near future.

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